Today, there are two hair transplant techniques, namely FUE and FUT. However, Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) is the most commonly preferred technique. Follicular Unit Transfer (FUT) is the other method that was more commonly used in the past, but it is not a common method nowadays due to scar formation and requirement of stitching.
The FUE method has two subtypes, Conventional and No Shave FUE, according to whether the area that hair follicles are transferred is shaved or not. The only difference between No Shave FUE and conventional FUE is that the donor and the recipient areas are not shaved or they are cut short. In addition, if deemed appropriate, your doctor may recommended combining FUE technique with PRP and / or hair mesotherapy.
In the FUE method, hair follicles can also be harvested from other parts of the body, if the hair follicles on the scalp are not sufficient for hair transplantation. On the other hand, FUE method produces effective results in the treatment of hair loss in eyebrows, mustache and beard.
In FUE technique, the donor and the recipient areas are cleaned and prepped. After the scalp is drawn to plan the transplantation, photos of the scalp are taken to make comparisons.
Hair follicles are harvested from the nape, where hairs are genetically resistant to hair loss, using very special thin needles measuring ≤1 mm in diameter. FUE technique does not require making incision on the scalp, while hair follicles (graft) are collected, and therefore, no scar tissue forms. The hair follicles are prepped to be transferred. Very tiny holes are drilled at the recipient area using a device called micromotor. These canals or holes are drilled at the direction of the growth of hair and thus, your hair will look natural when they grow after hair transplantation. After hair follicles are transferred in line with the pre-transplant plan and drawings, the scalp is closed with bandage.
Hair transplant procedure takes about several hours. If necessary, the procedure can be completed in the second session in the next day.
You may feel mild redness and discomfort after the procedure. Usually, these conditions do not require treatment, but your doctor will inform you in detail about issues that require your attention and you will also be given an information procedure. You should avoid strenuous activities for 15 days and you should protect the scalp against traumas.
Your doctor will probably ask you to visit the hospital one day after the procedure. The bandage will be removed in this visit.
If you experience warmth and remarkable pain at the donor or the recipient site if you have a fever or any symptoms that you think are due to the hair transplant after you are discharged, contact your doctor immediately.
Hair will grow, but it will shed quickly after the hair transplant. You can see growth of hair by transferred hair follicles approximately two months later. Your hair will normally grow and the baldness will be completely eliminated approximately 6 months to one year later.